• From 1st August to 8th August entire world celebrates international breast feeding week every year. Come let’s try and know some interesting facts about breast feeding which gives every mother incomparable and immense joy.
  • The constitution of breast milk takes place according to the requirement of the child and also changes as per the need. The breast milk is formulated in such a manner that when an underweight child needs to gain weight it helps totally in the physical development. If twins are born then the quantity is such that it is sufficient for both the kids. In 4th or 5th month, milk’s constitution changes as per the need of the age, or if the child is having some infection then the milk possesses those bacteria that are helpful in fighting against the infections. Surprisingly when the mother is trying to gradually stop feeding her child, at that time maximum disease fighting substances are present in the milk. Even nature knows that the mother is going to stop giving breast milk to her child so let’s try and give her child maximum nutrients faster.
  • The requirement of the breast milk within child of different caste of various places is different. This is because the nutrients which are required to fight against various virus and bacteria of any place. Breast milk helps to fulfil this requirement. For instance, for the children born in Africa require different enzymes in the breast milk which can help them to fight against the diseases that are common in Africa. Whereas for the children born in India require altogether different enzymes in different quantity in the mother’s milk to fight diseases that are more common in Indians.
  • Hence, to sum up the importance of breast milk we can say ‘unique nutrition for unique human’.
  • For almost 3 to 5 days after the child is born, the yellowish, thin, watery like breast milk is called colostrum. Colostrum is so rich in nutrients that even after baby are consuming only 3 to 4 spoonful of colostrum; it is enough for almost 24 hours. The soft intestine of the new born baby can digest these nutrients easily and also gives protection against the diseases. During this time, there is absolutely no need to give powdered milk or outside milk believing that the quantity is not sufficient for the child.
  • Let’s know one more interesting fact about breast milk. There can be difference between weight of the child born to a poor mother who did not have nutritious balanced diet during her pregnancy and child born to a healthy mother. But there is no difference in the constitution of the breast milk of both the mothers. Nature has set things so well that if a breast feeding mother does not take proper nutritious food then she may suffer from nutrition deficiency diseases but there will be no change in the quality of the breast milk. Because of lack of nutrients in such mothers, the quantity of the milk reduces gradually and she is unable to give only breast milk to her child for long time.
  • Those children who take only breast milk for first six months and even after that has breast milk for longer time period, they have good immunity and are highly intelligent. In later stage of life, these children are less likely to suffer from diabetes, obesity, asthma or intestinal diseases. The immunity building nutrients present in the breast milk help to get rid of the bacteria named Staphylococcus and E-coli from the intestines. Thus, mother’s milk can be aptly said ‘natural vaccine’.
  • God has created such a wonderful fluid which is available to the child whenever there is need and in proper quantity and can be consumed without heating it. This wonderful liquid helps the mother to get back into shape and thereby saving from breast cancer and cervical cancer.
  • In the beginning, the thin milk is called the fore milk. It contains more sugar and proteins and this quenches a child’s thirst. Later part milk is little thick and that fills the child’s hunger. For overall development of the child, he or she should get both fore milk and hind milk in proper quantity. The child should not be breast fed from both the breasts for five-five minutes. If done so, the child will get only the fore milk. May be with fore milk his stomach will be full but he or she will not get all the necessary nutrients. Let the baby take milk from one breast completely and if you feel that baby is still hungry feed him or her from another breast. And if the next time you feed the baby, then you should feed him from the second breast.
  • As soon as mother thinks of the baby or hears cries of the baby, her breasts get filled with milk and the milk starts dripping from the breasts. Before the child starts sucking, she feels some contraction of the breasts and she also feels itchiness around the nipple. At times if the baby is sucking from one breast drops of milk fall from second breast.
  • If the baby after feeding from one breast leaves feeding and does not cry, then check the nipple of that breast. If from that nipple still thick milk is coming then it means that child is full and satisfies. In that case no need to place him on the second breast.
  • In the first week the mother may feel some pain because the baby starts sucking and also the blood flow from the uterus increases and process of contraction also starts.
  • Mother feeds the new born baby with her milk. The mother who has not given birth to a child and gives milk is called wet nursing. The mother who takes out the milk and feeds someone else’s child is called the donor breast milk.
  • For breast feeding, special feeding bras are available in the market. So that the mother’s need not remove or lift the bras for feeding the baby. It makes breast feeding easy and convenient.
  • In the first month the child has to suck ore. The quantity baby gets after sucking only for 5 minutes in the fourth month. Thus, as the months pass by the baby is able to suck more milk in very few minutes.
[DIVYA BHASKAR-04-08-2015]      

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